In India, 52 tiger reserve forests have lost 22.62 sq km area within 10 years while Gir has lost 33.43 sq km. Also it’s sole Lion Conservation Area (LCA) of Gir in Gujarat, the latest report of the Forest Survey of India (FSI).
The total decrease in forest cover in 52 tiger reserves in the last decade has been 22.62 square km, as per the biennial India’s State of Forest Report 2021, published by the FSI.
There is sharp decline in the forest cover in all tiger reserves in India and the major missing of the forest cover in Gir in Gujarat.
The Sundarbans Tiger Reserve wetlands area is spread across 2,549.44 sq km. The Kanha Tiger Reserve has the maximum number of wetlands.
The Kanha to Navegaon-Nagzira-Tadoba-Indravati tiger passage that gets ahead through Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra has the major forest cover which is 2,012.86 sq km.
- The Forest Survey of India depicts the list of four ranges of forests.
- Very Dense Forest (with tree canopy density of 70 per cent or above)
- Moderately Dense Forest (tree canopy density of 40 per cent or above but less than 70 per cent)
- Open Forest (tree canopy density of 10 per cent or above but less than 40 per cent)
- Scrub (tree canopy density less than 10 per cent)
Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is layering the 31 wetlands, as per the research. The total area is 2,518.