Gir National Park one of the most popular national parks in India is situated in Gujarat and was established in the year 1913. It gained popularity because of the presence of wonderful flora and fauna. It is a sanctuary that surprises and charms wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers with a diverse range of flora and fauna. 

As discussed above it is just not the lions but this park is home to a wide range of flora and fauna which is the reason behind the growing popularity of this national park. The presence of a wide range of flora and fauna adds beauty to the ecosystem of the park and also plays an important role when it comes to the ecosystem. In today’s blog, we are going to discuss deeply the flora and fauna of Gir National Park and we are also going to highlight some of the popular flora and fauna that you can witness there.

Flora of Gir National Park:

The vegetation of the national park is classified as dry deciduous forest which is full of various species of trees growing in the region where the climate is semi-dry. The park is home to 400 various species of trees. Some of the most famous trees that you are going to witness in this national park are:







Banyan Tree


Benefits of Flora in the park:

The Flora in Gir National Park is not only beneficial to maintain natural habitat but also plays an important role when it comes to maintaining the ecological balance in the following ways:

By preventing soil erosion

Maintaining the moisture content in the region (as it is really important to maintain the moisture in the dry climate).

This park also gives contribution when it comes to grasses and shrubs as they also add beauty as they give semi-grassland feels and for some animals it really helps in hiding. 

Fauna of Gir National Park:

You must be aware of the fact that the biggest reason behind the popularity of Gir is the presence of the highest number of Asiatic lions, and because of the presence of lions, this park is not only popular within the country but globally. And the proud thing for India is that the number of lions is increasing every year. And witnessing such beauty is like a once-in-a-lifetime experience. 

This park is not just home to lions but there are various other animal species who feels at home in this habitat. The animal species are as follows:


Sambar Deer



Wild Boar

Birds in Gir National Park: 

This park is home to various types of birds as well. The total number of birds that are recorded to be part f this wildlife is over 300. The presence of a wide range of birds makes it a paradise for bird lovers. The most common and popular birds that are found in this national park are as follows:

Indian Vulture



Spot Eagle



You can witness both the types of birds in this park such as domestic birds and migratory birds.

Reptiles in Gir National Park:

People who are into reptiles are going to enjoy there equally. So Gir National Park is home to various types of snakes. The most popularly witnessed species of snakes and reptiles are as follows:

Indian Python

Russell’s Viper

Indian Cobra

Marsh Crocodiles

The rare Indian Flap Shell Turtle